Ever since independence from Ethiopia 26 years ago, Eritrea's been ruled by President Isaias Afwerki.
He dismisses rights groups alleging his regime is one of the world's most tightly controlled, where opposition parties are banned and the judiciary isn't independent.
Thousands of Eritreans leave every year - mainly to escape rights abuses as well as enforced and lengthy military service.
And footballers too, defecting while playing abroad for the second time this year.
Seven went missing after their final game at a recent regional tournament in Uganda's capital Kampala.
Amnesty International says a turning point for human rights violations came when the Eritrean government's campaign of repression started in 2001.
Amnesty says Eritrea is dangerous for anyone showing political dissent or attempting to avoid national service.
So, what will it take to end repression?
Matt Bryden, Director, Sahan Research think tank focussing on issues in Horn of Africa.
Daniel Mekonnen, Director of the Eritrean Law Society and former judge in Eritrea.
Awol Allo, Senior Lecturer in Law Keele University in England.
Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/