Today's elections in Turkey will usher in a powerful new executive presidency, which was shaped following last year's referendum. Voters endorsed a new Constitution, resulting in the most significant political development in Turkey since it became a republic in 1923. The changes grant more power to the president, who will be able to directly appoint top public officials, including ministers and vice presidents.

The leader will also have the power to intervene in the legal system, and declare a state of emergency. The new Constitution scraps the job of prime minister. If Erdogan emerges victorious, the new Constitution allows him to stand in two more election cycles. This could keep him in power until 2029. He could also return to the leadership of the Justice and Development Party, which he co-founded. It holds an overwhelming majority in parliament.

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