The iconic Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris became the latest historic building to suffer devastating damage by fire when a blaze broke out on April 15, leaving the insides and the upper structure eviscerated.

In Rio de Janeiro last September the 200-year-old Museu Nacional museum was destroyed along with most of its priceless collection of more than 20 million items.

The museum was founded in 1818 and housed several landmark collections including Egyptian artifacts and the oldest human fossil found in Brazil.

In 1992 Windsor castle, parts of which date back 1,000 years and is one of Britain's Queen Elizabeth's homes, was badly damaged by a fire which destroyed nine rooms and caused an estimated £37 million of damage.

It took months to restore the building, including an ornate chapel. On April 16 the queen sent a message to French President Emmanuel Macron expressing sympathies for the Notre-Dame blaze.

One of Italy's most important opera houses, La Fenice in Venice became a victim of a huge fire which broke out during renovations in 1996.

It originally opened in 1792 and staged premieres by composers like Verdi. The venue had already been virtually destroyed by fire in 1836 but had been rebuilt.

Another blaze in a building under renovation hit the famous bell tower of Moscow's Novodevichy convent, a UNESCO world heritage site in 2015. Firefighters struggled to tackle the flames in the 70 metre structure.

Britain and Netherlands both lost enormous glass structures to blazes. London's Crystal Palace, which staged many exhibitions, was razed to the ground in 1936 and similar damage was inflicted seven years earlier when Amsterdam's Paleis voor Volksvylt was wrecked.

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