The International Court of Justice (ICJ) President Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf announced that the ICJ had ruled that Myanmar must protect its Rohingya Muslim population from acts of genocide, speaking in the Hague on Thursday.
Yusuf said Myanmar should "take all measures within its power to prevent the commission of all acts within the scope of Article II of the Convention, in particular: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to the members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; and imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group."
Furthermore, Myanmar should "ensure that its military, as well as any irregular armed units which may be directed or supported by it and any organizations and persons which may be subject to its control, direction or influence, do not commit any acts described in point One above, or of conspiracy to commit genocide, of direct and public incitement to commit genocide, of attempt to commit genocide, or of complicity in genocide."
Additionally, "Myanmar shall take effective measures to prevent the destruction and ensure the preservation of evidence related to allegations of acts within the scope of Article II of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide."
"Unanimously, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar shall submit a report to the Court on all measures taken to give effect to this Order within four months, as from the date of this Order, and thereafter every six months, until a final decision on the case is rendered by the Court," said Yusuf.
In 2017 Rohingya militants carried out a series of attacks against Myanmar security forces, killing 12 police officers. It triggered a crackdown by Myanmar's military, with widespread reports of indiscriminate killings, arson, looting and rape. More than 730,000 Rohingya fled the country.