German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas warned of "dire consequences" if Moscow doesn’t comply with the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), during an arms control conference in Berlin on Friday.
Earlier on March, the US announced their intention to test missiles banned under the treaty, unless Russia return to compliance.
Maas directed his words towards Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, accusing Russia of breaching the Cold War-era nuclear treaty by saying "its termination would have dire consequences for the Europeans."
"Moscow and Washington don’t want to see their hands tied while countries like North Korea, China, India and Pakistan are arming themselves, in particular regarding surface based intermediate range missiles," the German FM added.
On Wednesday, the US announced their intention to begin testing a ground-launched cruise missile in August, which is banned under the landmark treaty.
Both Washington and Moscow have said they were suspending their obligations under the INF treaty, with the US threatening with a full withdrawal unless Russia return to compliance by August. Russia denies having violated the agreement.