The Egyptian Museum entered a new phase on Sunday after losing its most famous collection of antiquities.
Pieces from King Tutankhamun's tomb will move to the Grand Egyptian Museum, due to open next year near the Giza pyramids, while other collections of royal mummies are being transferred to another new site in Cairo, the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization.
The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities has maintained that the Egyptian Museum, located in the heart of Cairo on Tahrir Square, will have a long-term future.
The department's minister used his speech at the gala event marking the move to criticise looting and smuggling of Egyptian antiquities.
The restructuring was financed by a €3.1 million ($3.5 million) EU grant and backed by a consortium of five European museums including the British Museum and the Louvre. Officials hope the revamped museum will win a listing as a UNESCO world heritage site.
The display of artefacts has been criticised for a lack of care in the past, but others treasure its old-fashioned charm.