US whistleblower Edward Snowden and Greek islanders who have helped migrants fleeing to Europe are among the speculated contenders for the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize, which formally nominates its candidates on Monday.

Snowden topped a shortlist compiled by Kristian Berg Harpviken, director of the Peace Research Institute Oslo that is not affiliated with the Nobel prize.

Harpviken cited Snowden's "role in alerting citizens across the globe about the extent – and the dangers – of electronic surveillance".

The Greek Academy of Sciences, meanwhile, proposed three people on behalf of the Greek islanders who have aided migrants in their trek to Europe across the Aegan.

Academy president Thanasis Valtinos in Athens named Greek volunteers Emilia Kamvysis and fisherman Stratis Valiamos, as well as Oscar-winning US actress Susan Sarandon, who raised awareness about the plight of migrants, as possible candidates for the prize.

An online petition in support of giving the peace prize to the Greek islanders has gathered more than 600,000 signatures.

Parliamentarians, academics, former peace laureates, as well as current and former members of the Nobel Committee are among those who have the right to make nominations.

Harpviken also tipped officials involved in the Iran nuclear deal reached last year, including US Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, and Ali Akbar Salehi, head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organization.

His shortlist also named Congolese physician Denis Mukwege, who has been nominated by Norwegian lawmaker Audun Lysbakken, head of the opposition Socialist Left Party.

Lysbakken and other members of his party said they also nominated Nadia Murad Basee, a 22-year-old Yezidi woman from Iraq who has testified before the UN Security Council on how she had been raped, tortured and sold into sexual slavery by the Islamic State extremist group, news agency NTB reported.

The five-member Nobel Committee advises those making nominations not to reveal their proposals, but there are no formal rules against doing so.

The tally for 2016 nominations is not expected until early March when the Nobel Committee has met and registered all the nominees.

The peace prize is one of several endowed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel. The winner is usually announced in October. 

Last year's winner was the National Dialogue Quartet of Tunisia, an alliance of trade unions, employers organizations, human rights groups and lawyers.

Related stories

Latest news

Trump administration reverses transgender bathroom protections

The Trump administration on Wednesday withdrew Obama-era guidance about the use of school and university bathrooms by transgender students, local media reported.

Several Dakota Access Pipeline protesters arrested as deadline passes

Several people at a camp protesting against a controversial oil pipeline in the US state of North Dakota were arrested Wednesday after a deadline to vacate the land passed, local media reported.

Germany deports 18 rejected asylum seekers to Afghanistan

A Kabul-bound plane with 18 Afghan migrants on board took off from Munich Airport late Wednesday, its passengers becoming the third group of rejected asylum seekers to be deported by German authorities back to Afghanistan.

New Romanian justice minister named after anti-corruption protests

Romanian Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu has named a former judge to be the country's next justice minister, after the previous office holder resigned under pressure from mass anti-corruption protests.

Le Pen's chief of staff indicted in European Parliament jobs probe

The chief of staff of Marine Le Pen, the far-right candidate for president in upcoming French elections, was indicted Wednesday over allegations of irregular reimbursements from the European Parliament, a judicial source told dpa.

Montenegrin police extradites Miodrag Jovic to Croatia

Montenegrin police reported on Wednesday that they extradited to Croatia Miodrag Jovic (48) from Glina, after whom Interpol Zagreb issued an arrest warrant.

Croatian minister attends CoMoCoSEE conference in Albania

Culture Minister Nina Obuljen Korzinek participated in a third conference of the Council of Ministers of Culture of South-Eastern Europe (CoMoCoSEE) that took place in Tirana on February 21-22.

New Somali president asks al-Shabaab to surrender to 'help' country

Somalia's newly elected President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo asked Islamist terrorist group al-Shabaab to surrender in order "to help rebuild" the conflict-ridden East African nation.

Serbia's EU negotiator says minority rights neglected

The head of the Serbia's European Union accession negotiation team, Tanja Miscevic, said in Novi Sad on Wednesday that minority rights had been neglected for many years and added that positive results in that regard cannot be achieved over night, the Beta news agency has reported. 

Scientists: Nearby star's 7 rocky planets are "best bet" for life

New analysis of telescope data shows a dwarf star just 40 light years from Earth has at least seven apparently rocky planets with potential to harbour water, an international team of scientists announced Wednesday.

Croatian PM receives EIB Vice-President

Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic met on Wednesday with European Investment Bank (EIB) Vice-President Dario Scannapieco for talks on the bank's contribution to a new investment cycle in Croatia and its support to the Croatian government to implement key projects, a press release from the government's office said.

Bomb explodes outside police officer's home in Northern Ireland

A bomb exploded outside a police officer's home in Northern Ireland on Wednesday but there were no immediate reports of casualties.