Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan railed against contraception, saying Muslims should not use birth control, during a nationally televised speech on Monday.
"No Muslim family should consent to birth control, family planning," Erdogan said from Istanbul at an event hosted by a youth and educational services organization.
"We will follow the path that God and the prophet have stipulated," he added. Erdogan also quoted an Islamic saying attributed to the prophet Mohammed that paradise lies beneath the feet of mothers.
Erdogan, who founded the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party (AKP), has repeatedly bashed contraception over the years and called for large families. The 62-year-old has four children.
In 2014, he said he considered birth control to be a "betrayal" against the Turkish nation, adding that families should strive to have at least three children, though more would be better.
Liberals in Turkey are often critical of Erdogan and AKP social policies, including on women's rights issues.