Russian President Vladimir Putin gave his backing to Turkish and Israeli efforts to reconcile after nearly six years of frosty relations, as Moscow appeared to be warming its own ties to the Israelis despite being a staunch ally of Iran and Syria.

"The fewer problems between governments, the better," Putin said after meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, according to state news agency TASS, adding he views reconciliation between Turkey and Israel "exclusively positively."

Turkey and Israel have been holding talks on mending ties which deteriorated sharply over the situation in the Gaza Strip. Israeli media outlets have said the meeting between Putin and Netanyahu was important for moving the talks forward.

Turkey was angered by Israel's bombardment of the Gaza Strip in early 2009. The next year, 10 Turkish citizens died when Israeli naval commandos raided an aid flotilla heading to Gaza, sending relations into a tailspin. Netanyahu in 2013 regretted the loss of life.

Turkey's Foreign Minister said the two countries are only a couple of meetings short of finalizing a deal, but reports of such an agreement being reached have been circulating for months amid sticking points.

Turkey wants Israel to significantly relax restrictions on the Gaza Strip, which is under a blockade, while Israel has voiced concern over operatives from Islamic militant group Hamas living in Turkey.

Russia and Turkey are themselves stuck in a diplomatic row, after Ankara downed a Russian plane near the Syrian border last year. Russian economic links to Turkey have been disrupted, particularly tourism to Turkish resorts.

Despite some overtures from Turkish officials, Russia has not indicated it is leaning towards mending fences just yet, though Putin said he has not yet shelved the Turkish Stream natural gas pipeline project but was in need of a "clear position" from European leaders.

Part of the tension between Putin and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stems from the Turkish leader's support for the Syrian opposition and rebels, while Moscow has backed the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad with an intense aerial campaign.

Despite Moscow's ties to al-Assad, and his other main backer, Iran, Putin described Russia and Israel as "unconditional allies" in the fight against international terrorism. Israel views Damascus and Tehran as its key enemies in the region.

The meeting between Putin and Netanyahu is the leaders' second in as many months. Putin's spokesman said they would also discuss war-torn Syria.

Syria is a longtime enemy of Israel, and media reports have speculated that Russia is helping to maintain peace in the disputed region of the Golan Heights, which Israel occupied during a brief war with Syria in the mid 1960s.

Netanyahu told Putin at their meeting that he hoped their countries would "achieve remarkable results in the future that would rest not only on common interests but also on empathy and mutual liking," TASS reported.

The leaders discussed "current issues of bilateral cooperation, including the further strengthening of trade and economic cooperation as well as cultural and humanitarian ties," the Kremlin said in a statement.

Israel has a significant population of Russian speakers who emigrated from the former Soviet Union. Last month, a reputed Putin ally, Avigdor Lieberman, became Israel's defence minister after serving as foreign minister for several years.

Netanyahu told reporters that Israel was negotiating to join the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union, a free-trade bloc of five former Soviet states.

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