Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the Dutch government "Nazi remnants" on Saturday after the Netherlands revoked the landing rights for his foreign minister's plane.

"From now on, let's see how your planes come to Turkey," Erdogan said at a rally in Istanbul, according to state-run Anadolu news agency. He also called the Dutch "fascists."

Turkey top diplomat, Mevlut Cavusoglu, had been scheduled to address a campaign rally at the Turkish consulate in Rotterdam on Saturday.

The event was to be held in support of a constitutional referendum in Turkey next month that would expand the powers of Erdogan.

But the Dutch government said in a statement that allowing Cavusoglu to hold the rally posed a security risk.

It added that an earlier threat by Turkey of imposing economic sanctions against the Netherlands if Cavusoglu's plane was denied landing clearance had "made the search for a sensible solution impossible."

Several Turkish campaign rallies in support of the April 16 referendum have been cancelled in European countries, including Germany and Austria.

Turkey is at odds with some European countries about its efforts to promote the constitutional changes among members of the large Turkish diaspora. Many events have been blocked over security concerns.

Speaking to reporters in Istanbul airport, Cavusoglu called the Dutch action "scandalous" and "unbecoming of diplomatic conventions."

He accused the Dutch government of taking sides in the referendum, saying the Netherlands was afraid of a "yes" outcome because then Turkey "will become stronger, a more independent country." 

As Cavusoglu remained on the ground in Turkey, the country's Minister of Family and Social Policies Fatma Kaya said she would travel by land to Rotterdam, Turkish state-run Anadolu news agency reported.

Kaya who was in Germany will travel to the Turkey's Rotterdam consulate in response to the Dutch authorities' decision, the report said.

But roads near the consul's residence in Rotterdam have reportedly been closed off by Dutch authorities, perhaps indicating a looming showdown.

The already strained ties between Europe and Ankara have deteriorated sharply over the rallies.

The European Union criticizes Turkey for what it sees as increasingly authoritarian tendencies, including declining press freedoms and crackdowns on the opposition.

The human rights-focused Council of Europe said this week that the referendum threatens to turn Turkey into a "one-person regime."

But the EU needs Turkey's help in stemming the flow of refugees and migrants into Europe.

A deal between the two sides that went into effect last year has seen Ankara prevent human traffickers from using its coastline to transport migrants and refugees to the EU territory of nearby Greek islands.

In return, Turkey has insisted its citizens receive visa-free access to the bloc. But the EU says Ankara has not yet fulfilled all 72 criteria, including the narrowing of the definition of an act of terrorism, in order to be applicable for the easing of travel laws.

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