Women have lower pay than men across EU

With or without children, women are more likely to work part-time than men in almost all EU Member States, and the gender pay gap stood at 16.1% in the European Union, according to figures released by the Union's statistical office Eurostat on the occasion of International Women's Day observed on 8 March.

In 2014, women earned on average 84 cents for every euro a man makes per hour. 

"Differences between women and men in the labour market do not only concern wage discrepancies, but also and along with it, the type of contract held. In 2014, while 1 in 5 women in the EU (20.0%) aged 25-49 and without children were working part-time, this concerned 1 in 12 men (8.2%). And the gap widens with the number of children: almost half of women (45.1%) with at least three children were working part-time, compared with 7.0% for men in the same situation."

"However, the gap widens with the number of children. While the percentage of part-time employment for women aged 25 to 49 without children stood at 20.0% in the EU in 2014, this proportion fell to 8.2% for men in the same age group without children (or a 11.8 percentage point difference). The gap widened to 26.2 pp for women and men with one child, and further increased to 34.4 pp for those with 2 children and even 38.1 pp for those with 3 children or more."

In Croatia, 6.7% of women without children held part-time employment contracts in 2014, while the percentage of part-time employment for women with one child stood at 4.4%, and for those with two children at 4.6%, whereas the rate of 7.6% was for women with three children.

As for men, 3.3% of those without a child were working part-time in 2014, 2.2% was the percentage of men with one child, 2.4% for those with two children and 3.3% for those with three children.

"In 2014, the gender pay gap varied by almost 1 to 10 across the EU Member States. It was less than 10% in Slovenia (2.9%), Malta (4.5%), Italy (6.5%), Poland (7.7%), Luxembourg (8.6%) as well as Belgium (9.9%). At the opposite end of the scale, the gender pay gap was over 20% in Estonia (28.3%), Austria (22.9%), the Czech Republic (22.1%), Germany (21.6%) and Slovakia (21.1%)."

Croatia's rate stood at 10.4%

"Overall in the EU, women earned in 2014 16.1% less than men. It should be noted that the gender pay gap, as defined in this news release, is linked to a number of legal, social and economic factors which go far beyond the single issue of equal pay for equal work," Eurostat noted.

Last update: Fri, 24/06/2016 - 08:49
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