Supporters and protestors gather ahead of a pro-Erdogan rally in Cologne, Germany, 31 July 2016.

Turkey's state of emergency, which has led to the temporary suspension of the convention on human rights, is a cause for concern, a judge for the European Court of Human Rights told dpa.

"We are not a fair weather court," Angelika Nussberger told dpa earlier in the week.

Multiple human rights groups have issued warnings about rights violations in Turkey, and also France, since the two countries implemented states of emergency, France after terrorist attacks and Turkey after a failed coup attempt.

Nussberger said that 2012 reforms to Turkish law have brought it forward, but said it will take time for the court to assess the situation since the failed coup attempt of July 15.

"The clarifying point will be how far Turkey can go in a state of emergency. The same goes for France. The court has not yet examined whether the requirements exist and whether the standards have been brought down too far," Nussberger said.

The judge said that constitutional standards must be upheld even after terrorist attacks, adding that it was very difficult for the court to decipher when the danger justified suspending the human rights convention.

"After the September 11 terrorist attack and bombing attacks in Europe, the court made clear that constitutional standards must be upheld in cases against alleged terrorists. They cannot be transported to countries where they face the risk of torture," Nusseberger said.

"Many politicians criticized this, because what they saw as 'effective' was not legally enforceable," she added. "But ... you can't build a Guantanamo in Europe," she said referring to the controversial US military detention centre in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

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