Following hours of uncertainty, Turkey's government crushed an attempted coup by elements within the military, with the failure strikingly evident just after dawn as television stations broadcast soldiers on Istanbul's bridges surrendering.

Government officials stressed that fighting the coup was about preserving democracy and not about saving President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Now the president has come out swinging, vowing that those involved in the plot "will pay a heavy price for their treason."

Government officials said 104 pro-coup soldiers were among the 265 killed. The government has so far detained 2,839 military personnel, with the number of arrests expected to rise, according to Prime Minister Binali Yildirim.

Turkey's top judicial body also dismissed 2,745 judges on Saturday and ten board members were dismissed due to detention orders from a prosecutor, according to state news agency Anadolu.

The president has recently been focusing his efforts on trying to change the constitution to consolidate his power by empowering his office, in a move critics say will weaken checks and balances and parliament's role.

His next moves will be closely watched in the days and weeks ahead.

Howard Eissenstat, associate professor of Middle East History at St Lawrence University in the US, bluntly called the coup "dumb" and noted the president's "repressive instincts."

It was unclear who exactly was behind the attempt. No coup leader emerged, its only presence was a vague statement, lacking a clear ideology, which read out on the state broadcaster, and a request for curfew.

There appeared to be multiple misjudgments on the part of the coup plotters, who managed to unite Turkey's fractious political spectrum against what appears to have been a poorly planned and somewhat clumsy attempt to seize power.

From leftist Kurds to Islamists and right-wing Turkish nationalists, all four parties in Parliament rejected the putsch, with many politicians stressing that past years of military rule were a disaster.

"Opposition parties came out against the coup when it wasn't clear which way it was going to go," Selim Koru, an Ankara-based analyst, said on his Twitter account.

US Secretary of State John Kerry was quoted by NBC saying that the coup "does not appear to be brilliantly planned or executed.

"We stand by the democratically elected leader and leadership."

But there were also calls for restraint.

"Rule of law, democracy, respect for human rights and freedom of the media must be upheld even in difficult times," OSCE Secretary General Lamberto Zannier said.

Erdogan is seen as a polarizing figure, who is either loved or strongly disliked, though he manages to maintain a majority and win elections.

There was little support among Turks for the military revolt.

"I have only vaguest guesses as to motivation or profile of coup leaders," said Eissenstat.

"Clear, however, they were both desperate and politically clueless," he posted on Twitter, noting the "near universal condemnation within Turkey."

Meanwhile, the president was photographed by Anadolu on Saturday meeting and greeting supporters who had taken to the streets of Istanbul, lining the sides of major roads and holding the red and white Turkish flag in support of the civilian government.

Latest news

Syrian opposition rules out future role for President al-Assad

The Syrian opposition said Friday it would not accept any role for President Bashar al-Assad in the future of the war-torn country, reacting to a recent US shift saying that removing al-Assad is no longer a priority for Washington.

Russian Army integrates breakaway forces of Georgian province

Parts of the small fighting forces of the Georgian breakaway province of South Ossetia have been placed under Russian military control, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said on Friday.

Czech Republic's Pilsner Urquell beer is now Japanese

Japanese brewing company Asahi completed its takeover of the Czech brewery Pilsner Urquell on Friday, Asahi said in a statement.

Judge approves 25-million-dollar settlement of Trump University case

A US district judge on Friday approved a 25-million-dollar settlement of lawsuits and state fraud allegations against Trump University, the US president's now-defunct business venture.

Former Thai premier Thaksin to junta on reconciliation: 'Cut me out'

Former Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra on Friday announced that he is not interested in the junta-led reconciliation process, three days after the junta handed him a half-a-billion-dollar tax bill for his past business deal.

Dalic: We welcome possible deal between Agrokor and banks

The government welcomes the possibility of an agreement being concluded between the Agrokor food company and creditor banks, and the bill on vitally important companies is not a fallback plan but the result of the government's care for the overall economic and financial stability of Croatia, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy Martina Dalic told a press conference in Zagreb on Friday.

Croatia, China sign action plan for cooperation in agriculture

The Croatian and Chinese ministries of agriculture on Friday signed an action plan for cooperation in the field of agriculture for the period 2017-2018, the Croatian ministry said in a statement.

ZSE indices up, Agrokor shares in focus of investor interest

The Zagreb Stock Exchange (ZSE) indices on Friday rose by more than 1.8%, with stocks of the Agrokor food and retail concern being in the focus of investor interest again.

Berlin police defend handling of Berlin market attacker

Berlin police defended themselves on Friday against accusations that they stopped surveillance on Berlin Christmas market attacker despite knowing in June 2016 he was dangerous.

Croatia, creditors tailor emergency measures to save tottering giant

Croatia's tottering retail and food giant Agrokor reached an agreement with its creditors, putting its debts standby and allowing it to continue working during emergency restructuring, the Croatian branch of Austria's Erste Bank said Friday.

Agrokor's creditors say standstill agreement to go into force today

A standstill agreement regarding the Agrokor concern's existing financial obligations to banks will take effect on Friday, additional capital will be injected into the concern in the coming days and the concern will be actively restructured, which includes a change of its management, it was said on Friday after a meeting between Agrokor's suppliers and creditor banks.

Palestinians, UN slam Israel's new settlement plan

Palestinians, Israeli activists and the UN lambasted the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Friday, a day after it gave the go-ahead for the first new West Bank settlement in a quarter of a century.

South Sudan rebels release three abducted foreign oil workers

South Sudanese rebels have released three foreign engineers they abducted in early March in the oil-rich Upper Nile region, Foreign Affairs Ministry official Mawein Makol Arik said on Friday.

Turkish opposition: Imprisoned party chief has gone on hunger strike

The head of Turkey's pro-Kurdish opposition party has launched a hunger strike from prison.

European leagues threaten Champions League schedule clashes

The European Professional Football Leagues (EPFL) on Friday threatened schedule clashes on Champions League matchdays in an ongoing dispute with the governing body UEFA.

Danish court revokes citizenship of IS volunteer

A Danish appellate court on Friday stripped a man of his Danish citizenship for volunteering to fight for the extremist Islamic State in Syria.

Banks and Agrokor agree on key elements of standstill agreement

Member banks of the coordinating committee of financial creditors and representatives of the Agrokor food company have in principle agreed on key elements of a standstill agreement, which is expected to be signed later today, announcing changes in the company's management team, Erste Bank said in a statement on Friday afternoon.

Syrian man on trial in Sweden; mosque attack labelled terrorism

A Syrian man went on trial Friday in the southern Swedish city of Malmo, charged with terrorism and arson after an attack last year on a building used as an assembly hall by Shiite Muslims.