Cyprus: Divided island republic in the European Union

The third largest island in the Mediterranean, Cyprushas been an independent republic since 1960. Since a Greek coup andTurkish military intervention in 1974, the island has been dividedbetween north and south and along ethnic lines.

The internationally recognized and mostly Greek Republic of Cyprus islocated in the southern part of the island, while the TurkishRepublic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC), which is only recognized byTurkey, occupies the north of the island.

The whole of the island has been a member of the European Union since2004, but EU regulations will not apply in the Turkish-Cypriot northuntil the conflict between the two sides has been resolved.

The island is some 9,250 square kilometres in size, with 2 per centof the land area reserved for two British military bases.

A total of 900,000 people live in the south, the majority of themGreek Cypriots. The north, which is occupied by Turkish troops, takesup 36 per cent of the land area and is home to 300,000 people.

It is estimated that only 135,000 of the occupants of the northernrepublic are actual Turkish Cypriots, with the remainder made up ofsettlers from the Turkish mainland and 35,000 soldiers.

Turkish Cypriots are considered EU citizens. Many have obtainedRepublic of Cyprus passports and have visa-free access to the EU.

Cypriot euro coins feature the name Cyprus in both Greek and Turkish.

Last update: Mon, 07/11/2016 - 13:04

More from Europe

EU parliament rejects money laundering blacklist for being too short

European Union lawmakers Thursday rejected a blacklist compiled by the European Commission of countries deemed to be...

ECB leaves rates on hold as its ponders global uncertainties

The European Central Bank left its monetary policy on hold Thursday as it faces up to a slew of global economic and...

Britain's May woos investors, soothes voters in Davos

Britain will emerge as the global champion of free trade after leaving the European Union, British Premier Theresa...

Germany and Austria push for extension of border controls

Germany and Austria want to extend controls at their border amid ongoing security threats, the countries' interior...

Russia rejects European court ruling to pay former Yukos shareholders

Russia's Constitutional Court has rejected a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights to pay almost 2 billion...