A wanted member of Germany's Reichsbuerger movement, which does not recognize the authority of the modern German state, presented police with a 'fantasy ID card' upon his arrest near Frankfurt, according to a police statement released on Thursday.
The 53-year-old was stopped by police while driving his car in the town of Hofheim on Wednesday, the statement said. He then showed officers fake papers and insisted that they did not have the right to arrest him.
Police said he resisted arrest and that officers had to use physical force and pepper spray to get him into the police car.
They had been acting on an arrest warrant issued on charges of attempted coercion.
Germany's Reichsbuerger movement comprises various groups that, similarly to so-called sovereign citizens in the United States, believe they are separate from the state, often regarding laws and taxation as illegitimate.
In Germany, some members want to recreate the Third Reich, while others look further back, to the time of the last German emperor.
The movement is currently under surveillance by German intelligence services.