The findings of poverty estimates for small geographical areas indicate that poverty is heterogeneous in Croatia, 18.4% in continental Croatia and 12.6% in Adriatic Croatia, it was said on Monday at a presentation of poverty maps, the spatial distribution of poverty and social exclusion in the country.
The maps were prepared by the Regional Development and EU Funds Ministry, in cooperation with the Social Policy and Youth Ministry, the national statistical office (DZS) and the World Bank, to help policy creators understand the spatial distribution of poverty.
The maps were done based on income and consumption. Estimates for small regions, based on data from surveys and the 2011 population census, were used for the first time as an official part of statistics.
According to the income method, the estimated poverty risk rate in 2011 was 19.2%, which means that about 803,000 persons had an annual income below HRK 24,000, which was the poverty risk threshold for a single-person household. The survey poverty risk rate was 20.4%.
The City of Zagreb and Primorje-Gorski Kotar County had the lowest estimated poverty risk rates, 9.8% and 11.9% respectively, while Brod-Posavina, Virovitica-Podravina and Vukovar-Srijem counties had the highest, 35.9%, 33.4% and 31.9% respectively.
According to the consumption method, the estimated poverty risk rate in 2011 was 17.1%, which means that about 717,000 persons had an annual income below HRK 23,919, which was the poverty risk threshold for a single-person household. According to the survey method, the rate was 16.3%.
The City of Zagreb and Primorje-Gorski Kotar County had the lowest estimated poverty risk rates, 5.9% and 9.1% respectively, while Pozega-Slavonia, Brod-Posavina and Karlovac counties had the highest, 32.5%, 33.9% and 34.3% respectively.
"By determining the relative and absolute poverty rates for small areas and thanks to the multiple deprivation indices which are being made, we are not only determining the territorial distribution of the population at risk of poverty and poverty profiles, but also creating the prerequisites for additional allocations from European social, structural and investment funds for the renovation of small and medium-sized deprived towns in Croatia," said Regional Development and EU Funds Minister Tomislav Tolusic.
That project has provided a tool for direct aid to municipalities and towns, he said, adding that EUR 10.7 billion was available from EU funds by 2020.