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Photograph: Photo by Antoine K, used under CC BY-SA

In Croatia, women have nearly 10 percent lower wages than men because they earn 5,028 kuna monthly on average, while men earn 5,521 kuna, a survey by the MojPosao job search website shows.

The survey was carried out in the first quarter of 2016. Compared with the previous quarter, men's wages remained unchanged, while women's average wage dropped by 1%.

The biggest differences were observed in retail and services, where women's monthly salaries are on average 28% lower than men's. Men working in the retail sector on average receive HRK 1,532 higher salaries than women, while in the services sector men's salaries are HRK 1,202 higher, the survey reveals.

Women are better paid than men in insurance, telecommunications and electricity supply, but differences are smaller. Women working in insurance have 16% higher salaries than men, in telecommunications their salaries are 12% higher than men's and in the electricity supply sector they receive 11% higher salaries. The gender wage difference is the smallest in the IT sector as a predominantly male profession.

In predominantly foreign-owned private companies, women on average earn 11% less than men, while in public and local administration women's salaries are 1% higher than men's.

Top managers are paid the highest salaries in Croatia, 115% higher than the average, while the lowest wages are paid in the textile and leather industry where wages are as much as 40% lower than the average.

People in technologies and development receive 74% higher salaries than the national average, those working in human resources get 37% higher salaries and those in information technologies 35% higher.

A master's or doctor's degree increases one's salary by 113% in relation to secondary-school qualifications. People with a university degree on average have 54% higher salaries than those with a secondary school diploma and 25% higher than the average.

Monthly salaries in foreign-owned private companies are 14% higher than the national average, reaching HRK 6,005. The average monthly salary in state-owned companies is HRK 5,434 or 3% higher than the national average, while the average monthly wage in predominantly domestic, privately owned companies is HRK 4,997, which is 5% below the national average.

In the first quarter of 2016, the average monthly take-home pay  in Croatia was HRK 5,285, which was 1% higher than in the previous quarter, and compared with the first quarter of 2015, it was 1% lower.

(EUR 1 = HRK 7.5)

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