The fallout from Volkswagen's emissions-cheating software scandal has affected millions of vehicles worldwide and cost the company billions in revenue and costs related to ensuing investigations. A chronology of the scandal to date:

September 3, 2015: VW admits to the manipulation of diesel car emissions tests during closed-doors talks with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

September 18: The EPA discloses that VW used a software programme that produced lower measurements in diesel emission tests.

September 22: VW issues a profit warning to shareholders and announces setting aside 6.5 billion euros (7.1 billion dollars) for future vehicle recalls and to cover the costs of the investigation.

September 23: VW chief executive Martin Winterkorn steps down, saying, "I am stunned that misconduct on such a scale was possible in the Volkswagen Group."

September 25: VW's supervisory board appoints former Porsche chief Matthias Mueller as head of the group and makes several other personnel changes.

September 28: The public prosecutor in Braunschweig launches a formal investigation of former chief Winterkorn and allegations of fraud.

October 7: VW supervisory board holds a crisis session and appoints VW chief financial officer Hans Dieter Poetsch as head of the board. New chairman Mueller says the recall action can get under way in January 2016.

October 8: Police raid the VW headquarters at Wolfsburg, other VW offices and several employees' homes. VW's head of North American operations, Michael Horn, is called in for questioning by US lawmakers.

October 13: Citing the expected costs from the emissions scandal, VW announces that it will be scaling back its planned investments by 1 billion euros annually.

October 15: Germany's Federal Motor Transport Authority, or KBA, orders the mandatory recall of all VW diesel cars - 8.5 million in Europe, 2.4 million in Germany - with the manipulated software. VW had been pushing for a voluntary recall programme.

October 17: VW's majority shareholder, Porsche SE, announces that Winterkorn quit his post as board chairman at Porsche.

October 21: VW stops sales in the European Union of new cars equipped with older engines containing the emissions cheating software.

October 22: The VW group investigates whether an earlier version of the affected engine model, the EA 189, also had the manipulated software. Studies showed that this was not the case, according to VW.

October 28: VW announces a third-quarter loss of 3.5 billion euros amid the impact of the emissions scandal.

November 2: The EPA accuses VW of installing the emissions-cheating software in 3-litre diesel engines. VW denies the allegation.

November 3: VW admits that as many as 800,000 additional cars are affected by irregularities in carbon dioxide emissions.

December 17: VW hires star US attorney Kenneth Feinberg to administer a fund for compensation claims.

January 4, 2016: The US Justice Department files an environmental lawsuit against Volkswagen over the cheating on emissions standards in diesel vehicles.

Latest news

Syrian opposition rules out future role for President al-Assad

The Syrian opposition said Friday it would not accept any role for President Bashar al-Assad in the future of the war-torn country, reacting to a recent US shift saying that removing al-Assad is no longer a priority for Washington.

Russian Army integrates breakaway forces of Georgian province

Parts of the small fighting forces of the Georgian breakaway province of South Ossetia have been placed under Russian military control, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said on Friday.

Czech Republic's Pilsner Urquell beer is now Japanese

Japanese brewing company Asahi completed its takeover of the Czech brewery Pilsner Urquell on Friday, Asahi said in a statement.

Judge approves 25-million-dollar settlement of Trump University case

A US district judge on Friday approved a 25-million-dollar settlement of lawsuits and state fraud allegations against Trump University, the US president's now-defunct business venture.

Former Thai premier Thaksin to junta on reconciliation: 'Cut me out'

Former Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra on Friday announced that he is not interested in the junta-led reconciliation process, three days after the junta handed him a half-a-billion-dollar tax bill for his past business deal.

Dalic: We welcome possible deal between Agrokor and banks

The government welcomes the possibility of an agreement being concluded between the Agrokor food company and creditor banks, and the bill on vitally important companies is not a fallback plan but the result of the government's care for the overall economic and financial stability of Croatia, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy Martina Dalic told a press conference in Zagreb on Friday.

Croatia, China sign action plan for cooperation in agriculture

The Croatian and Chinese ministries of agriculture on Friday signed an action plan for cooperation in the field of agriculture for the period 2017-2018, the Croatian ministry said in a statement.

ZSE indices up, Agrokor shares in focus of investor interest

The Zagreb Stock Exchange (ZSE) indices on Friday rose by more than 1.8%, with stocks of the Agrokor food and retail concern being in the focus of investor interest again.

Berlin police defend handling of Berlin market attacker

Berlin police defended themselves on Friday against accusations that they stopped surveillance on Berlin Christmas market attacker despite knowing in June 2016 he was dangerous.

Croatia, creditors tailor emergency measures to save tottering giant

Croatia's tottering retail and food giant Agrokor reached an agreement with its creditors, putting its debts standby and allowing it to continue working during emergency restructuring, the Croatian branch of Austria's Erste Bank said Friday.

Agrokor's creditors say standstill agreement to go into force today

A standstill agreement regarding the Agrokor concern's existing financial obligations to banks will take effect on Friday, additional capital will be injected into the concern in the coming days and the concern will be actively restructured, which includes a change of its management, it was said on Friday after a meeting between Agrokor's suppliers and creditor banks.

Palestinians, UN slam Israel's new settlement plan

Palestinians, Israeli activists and the UN lambasted the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Friday, a day after it gave the go-ahead for the first new West Bank settlement in a quarter of a century.

South Sudan rebels release three abducted foreign oil workers

South Sudanese rebels have released three foreign engineers they abducted in early March in the oil-rich Upper Nile region, Foreign Affairs Ministry official Mawein Makol Arik said on Friday.

Turkish opposition: Imprisoned party chief has gone on hunger strike

The head of Turkey's pro-Kurdish opposition party has launched a hunger strike from prison.

European leagues threaten Champions League schedule clashes

The European Professional Football Leagues (EPFL) on Friday threatened schedule clashes on Champions League matchdays in an ongoing dispute with the governing body UEFA.

Danish court revokes citizenship of IS volunteer

A Danish appellate court on Friday stripped a man of his Danish citizenship for volunteering to fight for the extremist Islamic State in Syria.

Banks and Agrokor agree on key elements of standstill agreement

Member banks of the coordinating committee of financial creditors and representatives of the Agrokor food company have in principle agreed on key elements of a standstill agreement, which is expected to be signed later today, announcing changes in the company's management team, Erste Bank said in a statement on Friday afternoon.

Syrian man on trial in Sweden; mosque attack labelled terrorism

A Syrian man went on trial Friday in the southern Swedish city of Malmo, charged with terrorism and arson after an attack last year on a building used as an assembly hall by Shiite Muslims.